The SADC Secretariat is participating in a project to enhance sustainable regional energy market and address market governance and regulatory related challenges affecting the implementation of energy development projects in the Eastern Africa, Southern Africa and Indian Ocean region.
Through the energy programme, the SADC Secretariat is a member of the Project on Enhancement of a Sustainable Regional Energy Market in the Eastern Africa (EA), Southern Africa (SA) and Indian Ocean (EA) Region (ESREM - EA-SA-IO) which is supported by the European Union (EU) under the 11th European Development Fund (EDF).
The main objective of the project is to address market governance and regulatory related challenges affecting the implementation of energy development projects in the Eastern Africa, Southern Africa and Indian Ocean region. The project is expected to address and prepare the regions to trade power effectively.
The project started in May 2017 following the signing of an agreement between EU and COMESA for financing the five Regional Communities (RECs) in the EA-SA-IO, namely; the Southern Africa Development Community (SADC), Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) the East African Community (EAC,) Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) and Indian Ocean Commission (IOC). Recently, a review exercise was undertaken during the Second Meeting of the Technical Steering Committee of the Project on Enhancement of a Sustainable Regional Energy Market in the EA-SA-IO Region was held in Swakopmund, Namibia on the 25 – 26 April 2018, to provide guidance to ensure attainment of the project’s objectives. The COMESA Regional Association of Energy Regulators for Eastern and Southern Africa (RAERESA) coordinates the implementation of the programme while the Regional Economic Communities (COMESA, EAC, IGAD, IOC and SADC) provides support through a component aimed at strengthening the monitoring role of the RECs in the establishment of a harmonised energy market. In rationalizing the implementation of the programme, SADC Regional Electricity Regulatory Association (RERA) which was established in terms of SADC Protocol on Energy (1996) is performing the role of an assistant ‘champion’. Other key implementing agencies are the Southern African Power Pool (SAPP) and SADC Centre for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency (SACREEE). The Regional Association of Energy Regulators, Regional Power Pools, Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Centres and the representatives of the European Union Delegations to the three sub-regions also play critical roles in the implementation of the project.
The programme’s three areas are; • regional harmonization of energy regulatory framework adopted by regional and national regulatory institutions, with particular emphasis on cross border issues to encourage investments in the region;
• enhancement of regulatory capacity of the National Regulatory Authorities and strengthening capacity of the Regional Associations (RAERESA, EREA and RERA) and Power Pools (EAPP and SAPP) to proactively influence developments in the energy sector;
• enhancement of the development of renewable energy and energy efficiency strategies, policies and regulatory guidelines to attract investments in clean energy and build capacity in clean energy in the region as well as the domestication on a demand driven basis.
Under this project, SADC will continue to coordinate the remaining Member States that are not connected in the Southern African Power Pool (SAPP) transmission network to accelerate their respective on-going interconnector projects to enable them participate in regional electricity trading market.
The Project will also support SADC through RERA to address national and regional electricity market governance and regulatory issues for the benefit of all.
The priority regional projects in the SADC Region to be considered include the A n g o l a - Namibia, Mozambique-Malawi and Zambia-Tanzania transmission interconnectors. The Zambia-Tanzania interconnector once commissioned, will link the East Africa Power Pool (EAPP) and Southern African Power Pool (SAPP).
The Zambia-Tanzania interconnector will further contribute towards continental integration through energy infrastructure and increased electricity trading between the southern and eastern African countries after endorsement by the Member States and RECs governing the SAPP and EAPP power pools.* SADC Energy Monitor