Botswana ratifies Kigali Amendment

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Gaborone - Botswana has become the latest country in the region to ratify the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol, according to the United Nations.

Botswana joins fellow Southern African Development Community members Namibia and South Africa in ratifying the Kigali Amendment, bringing the total number of countries worldwide to have done so to 104.

Under the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol, countries commit to cut the production and consumption of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) by more than 80 percent over the next 30 years. HFCs are “super” green gases, manufactured for use in refrigeration, foam blowing, aerosols, fire protection and solvents. 

The United Nations said Botswana’s ratification of the agreement came into effect on September 19, 2020.

Reports indicate that Botswana is the fourth country in as many weeks to ratify, following Central Asian countries Turkmenistan and Kyrgyzstan, and the European principality of Liechtenstein.

The Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol was enacted by 198 governmental entities (including the EU) on October 15, 2016. It entered into force on January 1, 2019 with the goal of achieving at least 80 percent reduction in HFC consumption by 2047.

As part of the Article 5 (Developing Countries) Group 1, Botswana is required to freeze HFC production and use by 2024, with an 80 percent reduction by 2045.

The Kigali Amendment is aimed at stopping the potential increase of global temperatures by up to 0,4°C by the end of this century.

The resolution calls for developing zero waste programmes and waste-to-energy technologies which, engineers contend, will not only limit climate change but will actually be beneficial for the economies of developing countries.

Zero waste refers to waste management strategies that encourage redesign of resource life cycles so that all products are reused, and discourages dumping of waste in landfills or their incineration.

The Kigali agreement also calls on African governments to promote innovative partnerships with the private sector and co-operation between research institutions and industry to enhance waste management technologies.

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