Windhoek – The insurgency in northern Mozambique is not a simplistic matter and requires careful analysis to establish a comprehensive response that deals with the inter-mingling underlying issues at the root of the crisis, an expert has said.
In an interview with The Southern Times this week, University of Namibia international relations expert Ndumba Kamwanyah also warned that the insurgency could easily destabilise other SADC countries.
“If you study that region closely, it is one of the most underdeveloped in that country with high levels of unemployment. This was also not made easy by the fact that Mozambique is working towards the continent’s largest single investment of US$20 billion in oil and gas exploration, but there seems to be no clear plan on how locals will accrue benefits from this,” he noted.
“The challenge for SADC is the availability of resources to deploy at a time when most economies are struggling economically. There’s also the fear that those that opt to engage in Mozambique might face a backlash with the same fighting being exported to their own countries.
“Radical Islamist-linked insurgencies are getting more spread on the continent. Many countries in West and North Africa are battling these, so it is natural that the same fear is also among SADC countries. At the end of the day whatever is happening in Mozambique has serious consequences for the whole.”
Growing human rights violations in Mozambique have also drawn the ire of the African Union, whose Chairperson Mr Moussa Faki released a statement condemning the killings.
Mr Faki called for calm and collective efforts in dealing with SADC’s worst challenge since the Angolan civil war.
The Namibian government has also weighed in and condemned the insurgency.
Namibian Deputy Prime Minister and International Relations Minister Neitumbo Nandi-Ndaitwah this week said: “Namibia condemns in the strongest terms, the killing of dozens of innocent people in the town of Palma and neighbouring areas.
“Our government extends its heartfelt condolences to the families of those who lost their lives in this heinous attack. The security situation in Mozambique has been a source of concern for the last few years, and SADC countries had resolved to deal with this matter, but the COVID pandemic had stalled any meaningful engagement.”